2016

Brain Training Online – Here Are Some Games To Improve Your Brain Power

Brain training online games or almost any other game for that matter involving pc’s are acknowledged to normally allow you to be sluggish and impair your mind as well. Although this is not really a stated scientific point there exists evidence on account of this kind of reduction of mental acuity in your present age bracket. Even though this is taking place there is a massive buzz in relation to strengthening our mental capability by means of participating in brain games online.

A standard man or woman only uses 25% of their genuine brainpower. Perhaps a lot less than this most of the time. But some of the memory games that happen to be available nowadays to be tried on the net are in reality built to improve a person’s brainpower. They’re also intended to coach you on utilizing all four parts of the human brain. This is an exceptional approach to educate the human brain and also increase your mind ability in addition to honing a razor sharp mental capacity.

It’s funny how far we’ve come as far as technology is concerned. Our computers are so advanced that they can practically do anything at this point in time. And yet they have made people lazy by doing certain functions for them quickly where in the past people would have to use their mind to accomplish these things.

Utilizing a calculator to try and do smaller computations may be a fantastic example. How frequently do you grab your calculator or maybe pull this up on your laptop or computer instead of just doing the work by yourself in your head? I believe is quite often but I’m not seeking to single you out without any reason. I am as likely to do this just as much as the other person and I be considered a complete liar if I said otherwise.

This is exactly why brain training on the net is critical for every individual at this point in time. We need to strengthen all of our brain function plus brain capacity more than previously just because technological innovation now takes care of most of the stuff that had been employed to continue to keep a sharp mental focus.

Several of the regions you may increase are as follows: attention, processing swiftness, knowledge and also memory. And this also is only to mention a few of the numerous great advantages from taking part in online brain training activities. One more fascinating matter taking place whilst participating in these kinds of games is the fact those who suffered with despression symptoms are starting to remove their despression symptoms by simply playing along and also exercising the minds.

The nice thing about applying these brain games will be that you’re really training your mind and therefore strengthening its ability as well as reflexes which might be in terrible condition as a result of the fatigued way of living an average joe leads presently.

It’s vital that you practice brain training online by employing brain games mainly because it keeps our own mind effective in addition to healthy and balanced. To be able to continue to be fresh and active you’ll want to allow your brain to have these awesome workouts.

Want to find out more about Brain Training Online , then visit Marc Black’s site on how to choose the best Brain Training Online for your needs.

The Golden Ratio ( 1 : 1.618 )
human brain
Image by Martin_Heigan
The perfect Ratio of 1:1.618 that occurs everywhere in Nature.

In this example I used the Corona (Latin for Crown) of a Stapelia schinzii var. schinzii flower (from Namibia, Africa), to illustrate Nature’s divine Ratio. The Inner and Outer Corona, and Corolla Lobes (Petals) all conform to this exact Ratio.

The Golden Ratio (or Golden Mean) can be found in everything from human anatomy, to a nautilus shell, galaxies, butterflies, insects, plants and flowers.

Architects used this formula (π / Phi) from the Parthenon to the Pyramids, and Renaissance Artists like Leonardo da Vinci used it for the Composition of the Mona Lisa.

Best viewed LARGE.

Read more about "The Golden Ratio" at Wikipedia.

Martin

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Energize The Human Brain With Neural Exercising

The brain is like a central processing unit of the human anatomy. It is the organ which allows a person to think, to learn and remember things. Just like any muscle in the body, the brain needs exercise in order for it to develop into a strong organ. These exercises include good health habits that are designed to help build your brain.

Sleeping probably comes first when we talk about exercises that develop the brain. It is during sleep that the different parts of your brain responsible for producing various types of memories are being held together. Sleep is also good if you want to develop your long-term memory. Studies have shown that people who get enough sleep can recall things better than people who do not.

Too much stress is bad for the brain, as it is for every organ in your body. Studies have proven that stress is directly related to the death of memory cells in the brain. That is the reason why you find it hard to remember things or think properly when you are under pressure. Some stress is appropriate for the body. But there is bad stress and that’s what you have to be aware of.

Do you know that you can actually feed your brain? What I mean is, there are foods that are perfect for the brain as there are foods good for the heart. In fact, most of heart-healthy foods are also brain-healthy. Food rich in omega-3 like tuna, mackerel, and salmon are all good brain foods. Other brain-healthy food may include your favorite chocolate and almond, coffee and also berries. Delicious aren’t they?

Playing mentally challenging games are also very good exercises for your brain. Every time you play word games like scrabble and crossword puzzles, your brain processing capacity is improved. That is because the more the brain uses the memory, the more the memory is developed.

Board games are also good workout for your grey matter. Grab your chess or checker board and play against a friend. You can also play against the computer if no human opponent is available. The important is thing is you build, develop and improve your brain while enjoying some fun games at the same time.

Was this particular editorial helpful to you? You ought to view extra stories by the same person about the touch screen cash register and also small business inventory management software.

Candle light
human brain
Image by Alesa Dam
This candle light is just one candle singled out of a row of five, placed before a mirror; the two flames in the background are mirrored flames from two other candles.

These same candles have been quite inspirational:
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Researchers Find Amazing Effects of Meditation on Human Brain

A new research has been done by the Researchers at Harvard, Yale, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology which may lead to some very interesting observations regarding the effects of meditation on human brain. The research suggests that meditation can indeed lead to larger brain sizes. That would mean, that people who meditate grow bigger brains than those who don’t. When it comes to gray matter, the thickening turns out to be more pronounced in older than in younger people. That’s very interesting as the thickening or as regards the sections of the human cortex get thinner as we age.

Meditation practice can promote cortical plasticity in adults in areas important for cognitive and emotional processing and well-being and the findings are consistent with some other studies. The medical society and those actively following on meditation regularly are very excited with the findings. If you are still surprised, be aware that previous findings have led to similar conclusions when it was noticed that visual areas in brains of jugglers get thickened due to repeated practice and more usage of that particular area of brain during performance. The same holds true in case of musicians whose music areas of brains reported thickening. In the meditation related research, brain scans of 20 experienced meditators were compared with those of 15 non meditators. People with varying backgrounds were taken as control groups, those who worked in careers such as law, health care, and journalism. During scanning, the meditators were told to practice meditation as usual while the others just relaxed and thought about whatever they wanted.

Those who meditated practiced Buddhist “insight meditation,” which focuses on whatever is there, like noise or body sensations. No chants or mantras were used during the meditation process There were an average of about 40 minutes meditation sessions per day. As reported, there were mediators of varying experience, some had been doing it for only a year, others for decades. Very profoundly, it was noticed that those most deeply involved in the meditation showed the greatest changes in brain structure. This made the researchers conclude that the differences in brain structure were caused by the meditation.

One great benefit of meditation is that it can be helped to control random thoughts Experts believe that random thoughts and the like actions continually deprive brain of the energies that can be instead used for constructive purposes.

Insight meditation can be practiced anytime by all those people. We all face worries all the time but worrying too much for trivial matters also becomes a habit. Often that leads to self sabotage when we can’t perform to our fullest extent. People tend to worry about what will happen if they miss it, or if the end product will be good enough to suit the boss, at workplace. Most people drive themselves crazy with unproductive “what if” worry. While to increase performance and for greater achievements, “If, instead, you focus on the present moment, on what needs to be done and what is happening right now, then much of the feeling of stress goes away”. The increased thicknesses in the grey matter are very proportional to the time devoted to meditation and the depth of meditation.

Another great benefit that meditation doers find is the way it reduces aging. There are several small benefits as well but you can bet those differences are going to lead to lots more positive changes in your life.

There are still several questions that scientists need to answer regarding the study like whether meditation produces more connections between brain cells, or more blood vessels? Can brain thickness influence daily behavior? And other questions that might lead to even more positive conclusions regarding meditation. Larger studies are planned at Massachusetts General Hospital, the Harvard-affiliated.

Such studies are very encouraging for those actively believing in meditation and alternative therapies. As further research is done on a larger number of people and testing them multiple times, more examination of peoples’ brains both before and after learning to meditate is done, we may find even better results. Scientists are very keen to find the effect of slowing aging on the regular meditators.

Since meditation counteracts the natural thinning of the thinking surface of the brain,there is a high probability that it plays a role in slowing – even reversing – aging? Well, that is what only time and further studies can prove but definitely meditation techniques is something you must have a look into if you are planning to live healthier and longer!

According to a report in the June 12 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals, the meditation techniques of transcendental meditation may decrease blood pressure and reduce insulin resistance among patients with coronary heart disease. Thus, Shoaib Ahsan loves meditation and wants every one to have a look into it and find out how to live healthier and stress free.

Human Brain Sections
human brain
Image by GorissenM
This is your brain…

Do You Know The True Nature Of Your Brain?

Throughout the world, Brain, mind, soul and consciousness are used interchangeably during conversations. Brain is the most vital physical organ in the body and is like a master computer. Mind is subtle body that operates through brain and five sense organs. Thoughts, emotions, ego, memory, sensations, reasoning, logic, desires operates through mind. Soul is human essence, your sense of self and operates through mind; and it is behind: I am what I am. Consciousness is unconditioned awareness that transcends time and space. It also operates through mind, infinite, immaterial, immortal, instrument for salvation. It is the universal principle, pervading the entire world of nature and no scientist can reproduce, test, reproduce or understand.

Brain understands better with comparison. Brain is like an umbrella and it works better when it is open. 20% of body oxygen goes to brain. Brain weighs about 1350-1450 grams. There are 10 trillion cells, 20 billion neurons (nerve cells), and 30,000 genes. One cubic centimeter of brain tissue has one trillion connections like an internet net work. It functions and operates with electrical and chemical impulses. It regulates your body, blood pressure, breathing, heart rate, temperature and is the only organ with auto-regulation. With brain, every thing is a balance of act. Human brain has enough redundancy and plasticity.

I hope this gave you an idea of the power of your brain. You can expand your horizons with the power of your brain. There is no limit to it. Just by a thought with your mind you can travel to anywhere in the universe with the blink of your eye. Nothing in the universe can travel faster than your mind and thought. Human brain alone invented computer to spaceship and put a man on the moon.

Emotions stem from your thoughts. Negative emotions like anger, hatred, intolerance to other religions and cultures; bigotry, sectarianism, prejudice, hypocrisy, and discrimination; not only create unhappiness but have the toll on your bodily health. They can lead to hypertension, depression, obesity, heart problems and strokes. On the contrary, if you nurture your brain with positive thoughts; they elevate your self esteem and bring happiness into your life and you maintain a healthy content life.

The most important for you to remember is that you can change what you think and gain some conscious control over your emotional life. It is the power of your brain to change your mind for the better.

Any person can understand the true nature of one’s brain power. Knowledge is always there and you only shed your incognizance through knowledge of your true inner self; just like a snake sheds its old skin every month in order to gain new skin.

D V Pasupuleti MD, director of neurology and clinical professor; discusses how brain holds the key to happiness. Find out how your mind can gain control over your emotions at

Prepare For Renewal
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Image by michellerobinson.photography
*~ 26.12.14 – 29.12.14 ~*
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"Then from those profound slumbers we awake in a dawn, not knowing who we are, being nobody, newly born, ready for anything, the brain emptied of that past which was life until then. And perhaps it is more wonderful still when our landing at the waking-point is abrupt and the thoughts of our sleep, hidden by a cloak of oblivion, have no time to return to us gradually, before sleep ceases. Then, from the black storm through which we seem to have passed, we emerge prostrate, without a thought, a we that is void of content.”
― Marcel Proust, Sodom and Gomorrah

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Parts of The Brain Control

Introduction to parts of the brain control:

The brain is a part of the central nervous system of the human body. The central nervous system is highly developed and is the site of information processing in the nervous system. The central nervous system has two parts:

1. Brain

2. Spinal Cord

Let us describe the brain in detail. The human brain has various parts that are used to control various functions of our body. Let us describe each of them in detail:

The Brain

Brain of an average adult is made up of about 1000 billion neurons and weighs about 1300 grams. It is protected in the brain box, cranium or skull. Brain is covered by three membranes called meninges. Space between membranes is filled by cerebrospinal fluid. Cerebrospinal fluid serves as a shock absorbing medium and protects the brain against mechanical shocks. It maintains constant pressure in and around the brain. It also helps in the exchange of nutrients and waste products between the nerve tissue and the blood.

Parts of Brain And Their Control

(A) Fore brain: It includes cerebrum and olfactory lobes.

(i) Cerebrum:

It is the most specialized and the largest part of brain. Its surface is highly folded to increase surface area. It is made up of two hemispheres called cerebral hemisphere. It is made of grey matter and highly convoluted in appearance. Different areas of cerebrum control different body parts and functions as follows:

a. Occipital lobes: Region for sight

b. Temporal Lobe: Region for hearing

c. Frontal lobe: Region for speech, facial muscular activities and mental activities

d. Parietal Lobe: Region for taste, smell, touch, temperature and consciousness.

Actually, there are some areas in each lobe which control thinking and memory and are called association areas. These association areas store information and experience. So, cerebrum controls all voluntary activities.

(ii) Olfactory lobes:

It is a pair of poorly developed club shaped, widely separated bodies which are visible from the ventral surface only. Olfactory lobes contain olfactory receptors which are orange of smell.

B. Mid – Brain: It controls reflex movements of the head, neck and trunk in response to visual and auditory stimuli. It connects the hind brain with fore brain and conveys impulses.

C. Hind Brain: It is a posterior, small part of the brain. It is differentiated into three parts:- pons, cerebellum and medulla oblongata.

(i) Pons:

It is a thick, white, rounded ridge dorsally covered by the cerebellum. It carries impulses from medulla oblongata to fore brain and from one lobe of cerebellum to other lobe.

(ii) Cerebellum:

It is the largest part of hind brain, present below the cerebrum and above the medulla oblongata behind the pons. It consists of two large lateral lobes called cerebral hemisphere.

a. It has to maintain body balance and posture.

b. It controls and coordinates muscular activity.

(iii) Medulla Oblongata:

It is a continuation of upper part of spinal cord and forms the lower part of brain stem. It relays motor and sensory impulses between other parts of brain and spinal cord. It controls involuntary activities as follows:

a. Regulates heart beat, breathing and blood vessel diameter.

b. Coordinates reflexes such as swallowing, vomiting, coughing, sneezing and hiccuping.

Both medulla oblangata and bones together form brain stem.

Note: If you require more information about ‘parts of the brain’ and their control, our expert team of biology tutors will always be available to help you.

Comprehend more on about Aldol Condensation and its Circumstances. Between, if you have problem on these topics Advantages of Nuclear Energy Please share your views here by commenting.

michelangelo-brain
human brain
Image by tolworthy
Michelangelo’s God (from the creation of Adam) in the Sistine Chapel. The painting shows the structure of the human brain. For my own views on God, see AnswersAnswers.com/God

Medical Brain Models – Learn About the Most Vital Part of Your Body

The human brain is the most complex piece of machinery on the planet. With more than 100 billion neurons processing and storing information, it has a greater processing capacity, in a smaller space, than even modern supercomputers, including the worlds fastest the IBM Roadrunner located at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

The brain is composed of four major parts, the cerebrum (cerebral cortex, or cortex), cerebellum, hypothalamus (pituitary gland), and brain stem. Spatially, these comprise the frontal lobe, parietal lobe (at the top rear of the head), temporal lobe (above and behind the ears), and occipital lobe (at the back of the head), with the brain stem below the occipital lobe.

Brain traumas or tumors are among the most complex problems a surgeon has to deal with. Many areas of the brain behind the hypothalamus, for example are difficult to access, even with modern surgical equipment like the gamma knife (used for tumor treatment) and endoscopes (lighted tubes with surgical equipment options) for clipping aneurysms.

A neurosurgeon introducing the idea of brain surgery to a nervous patient will be aided in his explanations by an anatomical model. These come as two part, four part, 8-part and deluxe models showing arteries and brain sections, as well as transparent models and models showing the entire nervous system.

While transparent models, showing the brain inside a human skull, or simple two part and four part models are sufficient for demonstrating minor problems like a skull fracture, most neurosurgeon offices benefit from more complex models which can be disassembled to show patients how parts of the brain fit together, and the difficulty represented by a tumor beneath or behind the occipital lobe.

An ideal example would be the classic four-part model, which consists of a medially divided brain, with each part hand painted, numbered and (and separately identified in a manual which patients can read). The right half breaks down into two parts: frontal and parietal lobes, and the brain stem with temporal and occipital lobes. The left half is a transverse cut showing all the parts of the brain.

Even more effective, in terms of patient education, would be any one of three models which are divided into eight or more parts. The first, an eight part, color-coded model, is a life size model in which the parts of the left side of the brain are colored to show the sensory and motor areas of the brain, whose functions might be slightly or temporarily altered by surgical intervention for a tumor or bleeding artery. Also shown are the 12 cranial nerve roots and several major arteries.

The deluxe eight part model is an amplification of the four part model, with both halves of the brain disassembling into their component architecture (frontal with parietal lobes, and brain stem with temporal and occipital lobes). In addition, this model is highly detailed and shows the brain stem more extensively.

The deluxe brain model, which breaks down into nine parts, depicts the arterial network of vessels inside the brain in intense detail, enabling vascular surgeons to identify to their patients the precise part of the brain where bleeding or other problems have arisen.

All models are made of durable plastic or a similar ingredient, painted in exquisite detail and with surfaces sealed against moisture and body oils to provide years of trouble free demonstration. Many also come mounted and labeled. Also available is a complete nervous system model showing how brain activity leads to limb and organ function.

Universal Medical Inc is a premier provider of brain models and nervous system models

Area 47 in the Ötztal Valley, Tyrol
human brain
Image by Harald Felgner
Brodmann area 47, or BA47, is part of the frontal cortex in the human brain. Curving from the lateral surface of the frontal lobe into the ventral (orbital) frontal cortex. It is below areas BA10 and BA45, and beside BA11.

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Secrets Powers of Phosphatide and why its called vitamens for the brain

Phosphatide is one of the largest groups of naturally occurring phospholipids, which are actually derivatives of glycerol phosphate containing nitrogenous base. Phosphatide helps to boost the memory power of a human brain. The chemical compounds present in Phosphatide diversely facilitate and boost memory power in human.

Even if you are not the intellectual types or have not got that many degrees to prove your knowledge there are ways in which you can work on making your memory better. For this you will have to considerably alter the way of your life, your eating habits, your general behavior and what you eat. By doing this, you can forego the inevitable loss of memory that comes with age and stay sharp using your brain to work at its best so that your memory is always fresh.

Important Facts you should Know:

It is possible to increase your memory considerably by consuming Phosphatide enriched memory pills. These smart substances come to our aid when it comes to increasing our memory levels to the highest. Sometimes people find many things changing in their lives, particularly their thinking processes once they touch forty. Over years, these changes could even become dementia. But it’s possible to delay the onset of this disease by making proper use of Phosphatides.

The medicines which contain Phosphatide are now approved by medical associations and they even help normal people to get better learning abilities. When you consume these kind of pills, you don’t need to even go to sleep for nearly four days and the best part is that there is absolutely no problem in focusing, neither is there any jittery feeling.

What you eat also affects your brain considerably. Naturally, it is important to make sure that we eat the right stuff to push up our memory levels. Phosphatides which can be found in various kinds of foods also speed up this process. What you eat has a profound affect in how you act and think so it is always a good idea to eat properly particularly during breakfast. When the brain is enriched with glucose then it works better and research has revealed that when you don’t have breakfast you perform poorly at school or even office.

Eating properly goes a long way in making your memory better. When you consume too many soft drinks and sugar based snacks, then memory loss becomes inevitable. These diseases become noticeable because there is lowered attention span and a marked disinterest in everything. How old you are is irrelevant when it comes to diseases that can spring up because of memory loss. Research has shown that when you’re feeling anxious, tyrosine levels go down. When you consume Phosphatide enriched drugs then you can considerably retard the loss of memory and diseases connected to it.

Thus, sensible eating is essential to boost memory power along with proper Phosphatide intake. Foods rich in antioxidants work in helping the memory function largely. Antioxidants fight cancer and play a positive role in certain heart diseases. It is advisable to include such foods in your daily diet, as they assist towards a better memory. Carrots and certain nuts are high sources of antioxidants. Soya bean contains maximum amount of Phosphatides.

Sustenance:

Acetylcholine is a vital messenger neuron and Phosphatides are very crucial when it comes to the assimilation of this neurotransmitter. Lowered attention spans and lessened remembering capability occur as an aftermath of lowered acetylcholine levels. Thus, if we want to remember things well, then we should also make sure that acetylcholine levels are maintained properly.

Do remember that granules of Nan Lecithin are very important in maintaining Phosphatide levels in your body. These are comprised of pure soybeans and do not contain any sort of fat. Soybeans are the best known sources of Phosphatide because primarily these are very rich in it. The Nan Lecithin granules are easily digestible and they taste so good that you can add them as extras on top of your salads and breakfast cereals.

Now, you are Getting more educated with this enthralling part of human memory power. You can learn more about the most effective scientific formula that absolutely affects A persons memory, recall, and cognition. Grab your limited time RISK FREE bottle of this product go to: Best Brain Power!

IMG_8560A Claude Monet. 1840-1926. Paris.The Thames below Westminster. La Tamise à Westminster. vers 1871. Londres National Gallery.
human brain
Image by jean louis mazieres
Claude Monet. 1840-1926. Paris.The Thames below Westminster. La Tamise à Westminster. vers 1871. Londres National Gallery.

ART MODERNE : INNOVATION ET DIVERSITE

L’Art Moderne, annoncé bien avant le début du 20è siècle par les impressionnistes et les post-impressionnistes, a été un facteur tout à fait remarquable de renouvellement des formes, dans la peinture européenne. Sa caractéristique essentielle est certainement sa volonté d’invention, de changement qui s’exprime en peinture, dans l’emploi des couleurs, dans la recherche d’un nouveau dessin, dans la diversité des thèmes abordés. On peut dire que la civilisation européenne se distingue d’autres grandes civilisations par cette recherche constante, à l’échelle des siècles, de l’innovation. Cela n’a pas été le cas par exemple des civilisations islamiques ou chinoises dont les valeurs ont infiniment plus accordé la priorité à la pérennité et au maintien des traditions. Une fois encore on constate que l’art est un révélateur des valeurs qui animent les sociétés.

Les techniques utilisées par les peintres européens, au cours du 19è siècle, pour créer un art nouveau sont multiples, sauf omission, on peut les recenser ainsi :
"La Peinture Plate" par exemple avec Manet, plus tard Gauguin, Maurice Denis, les Nabis… Cette technique réduit ou supprime les volumes et la perspective et privilégie les lignes. Elle retourne à une esthétique qui était celle de la peinture Byzantine, Romane et Gothique. Avec d’autres thèmes évidemment.
La décomposition de la lumière et des couleurs en taches et en points. Les Impressionnistes. Les Pointillistes
Les couleurs arbitraires ou symboliques. L’artiste s’écarte des couleurs "réelles", celles perçues par l’oeil et le cerveau humain, et invente des couleurs apparemment arbitraires: Gauguin, les Fauves, le symbolisme, le surréalisme … C’est une technique que la peinture romane et gothique avaient mis en pratique très régulièrement.
La valorisation de l’Esquisse. L’esquisse a été pendant des siècles, seulement, ce que son nom indique : une Etude préparatoire à un tableau définitif. Au 19è l’esquisse devient un procédé définitif, terminal, d’expression artistique.
La décomposition de l’espace et des volumes du réel, en lignes et surfaces, plus ou moins synthétiques et significatives. (Cézanne).
La "multiplicité des points de vue" sur un objet ou un sujet. Technique qui cherche à rendre le réel comme si on le regardait, en même temps, depuis plusieurs points de l’espace. (Les Cubistes)

L’Art a toujours été, une manière de rêver le monde réel. Mais les nouvelles techniques de l’Art Moderne, s’éloignent toutes, de manière très intentionnelle,volontariste, de la représentation exacte du réel.
Les peintres tendent à créer un art dans lequel l’interprétation du réel l’emporte sur sa reproduction.
L’artiste "moderne" reproduit le réel mais aussi le rêve et l’invente. Ces tendances ont abouti à l’art non figuratif, autrement appelé l’art abstrait.
Ce renouvellement des formes en peinture est total. Il a apporté de nouvelles possibilités, très intéressantes, et très belles, d’expression artistique.

Il ne faut pas confondre Art Moderne et Art Contemporain. Ils ne recouvrent pas la même période. Ils n’ont pas les mêmes caractéristiques esthétiques ni les mêmes fondements idéologiques.
L’Art Moderne recouvre une période qui va depuis les pré-impressionnistes, vers 1850-60, jusqu’à la seconde guerre mondiale. C’est du moins la périodisation la plus couramment acceptée par les historiens de l’art.
D’autres historiens le font débuter un peu plus tardivement avec les post-impressionnistes et l’art abstrait, vers 1900. La définition la plus large est certainement la meilleure car les impressionnistes sont des artistes pleinement "modernes". Il en est de même du peintre romantique français Eugène Delacroix, ou de William Turner, fantastique novateur, annonciateur de l’impressionnisme et de l’art non figuratif, qui meurt en 1853. Tous deux ont fait de l’esquisse un moyen d’expression artistique privilégié.Les peintres de cette époque sont déjà profondément inspirés par la volonté d’innovation qui caractérise l’Art Moderne. La période de l’Art Moderne, extrêmement dynamique, est d’autre part, autre caractéristique majeure, riche de diversité. Elle s’inscrit tout à fait dans l’histoire de l’art européen. Elle ne renie pas le passé, mais elle est aussi remarquablement créatrice d’oeuvres multiples, inventive de formes tout à fait nouvelles d’expression esthétique.
.
L’Art Contemporain est postérieur à 1945. Certains fixent sa naissance dans les années 1950. On peut aussi prétendre, avec quelques raisons, que sa date de naissance, en tout cas idéologique et politique, est la création à New York du Moma par les Rockefeller (1929). Les dates sont bien sûr approximatives et certains peintres comme Picasso ou Miro appartiennent à l’esprit de l’Art Moderne alors qu’ils restent très créatifs après 1945.
En peinture et en sculpture, la diversité fait alors place à une profonde uniformité dissimulée derrière les apparences de l’innovation et même de la provocation. L’explosion d’originalité et de non conformisme qui caractérise l’Art Moderne devient un Système qui se fige dans l’idéologiquement et l’esthétiquement correct. Contrairement à ce qu’il prétend être l’Art Contemporain, officiel, celui qui est installé dans les collections permanentes des musées, est un art figé, académique, épuisé par un système et une obsession : le Nouveau. C’est l’Art de la Table Rase : Rien.

MODERN ART: INNOVATION AND DIVERSITY

Modern Art, announced well before the beginning of the 20th century by the Impressionists and the Post-Impressionists, was a factor quite remarkable for the renewal of forms in European painting. Its essential characteristic is certainly his invention will, his desire for change, expressed in painting, in the use of colors, in the search for a new design, in the diversity of topics. It can be said that European civilization differs from other great civilizations through the constant research, on the scale of centuries, of innovation. This was not the case for example of Islamic and Chinese civilizations whose values have infinitely more given priority to the sustainability and the maintenance of traditions. Once again we see that art is a developer of the values that drive the societies.

The techniques used by European painters during the 19th century to create a new art, are many. Except omission, and we can enumerate:
"The Flat Painting", for example with Manet, Gauguin, Maurice Denis, the Nabis … This technique reduces or removes volumes and perspective and focuses on lines. She returned to an aesthetic that was practiced by the Byzantine painting, Roman and Gothic.
The decomposition of light and color spots and dots. The Impressionists. the pointillist
Arbitrary and symbolic colors. The artist moves away of the colors "real", those perceived by the eye and the human brain, and invents arbitrary colors: Gauguin, the Fauves, symbolism, surrealism … It is a technique that painting Romanesque and Gothic had practiced regularly.
The valorization of the Sketch. The sketch was, for centuries, only what its name indicates: a preparatory study for a final table. In the 19th the sketch becomes a permanent process, terminal, artistic expression.
The decomposition of the space and the real volumes, lines and surfaces, more or less synthetic and significant. (Cezanne).
The "multiplicity of perspectives" on an object. Technique that seeks to make the real, as if you looked at him, at the same time, from several points of space. (The Cubist)

Art has always been a way to dream the real world. But the new techniques of modern art, are moving away all so very intentional, deliberate, of the exact representation of reality.
The painters tend to create an art in which the interpretation of reality trumps its reproduction.
The modern artist is hardly reproduces reality, it’s dream or invent. These trends have resulted in non-figurative art, also called abstract art.
This renewal forms in painting is total. He brought new possibilities of artistic expression.

It should not be confused Modern Art and Contemporary Art. They do not cover the same period. They do not have the same aesthetic characteristics nor the same ideological foundations.
Art Moderne covers a period that goes from pre-Impressionists, to 1850-1860, until the Second World War. This periodization is the most commonly accepted by art historians.
Other historians do start a little later, with the post-impressionist and abstract art, circa 1900. The broadest definition is certainly the best, because Impressionist artists are fully "modern" artists. It is the same of the French Romantic painter Eugene Delacroix and William Turner, innovator fantastic, annunciator of Impressionism and non-figurative art, who died in 1853. Both have made the sketch a way of privileged artistic expression
The painters of this period are already profoundly inspired by the desire for innovation that characterizes Modern art. The period of Modern Art, extremely dynamic, is the other, another major feature, rich in diversity. It fits perfectly in the history of European art. She does not deny the past, but it is also remarkably creative of multiple works, inventive new forms of aesthetic expression.

The Contemporary Art is subsequent to 1945. Some historians establish its birth in the 1950s.
One can also argue, with some reason, that his date of birth in any ideological and political cases, is the creation of the Moma in New York, by the Rockefeller (1929). The dates are of course approximate and certain painters like Picasso or Miro belong to the spirit of the Modern Art, while they remain very creative after 1945.
In painting and sculpture, diversity gives way to a profound uniformity dissimulated behind the appearances of innovation. The explosion of originality and non-conformism that characterizes Modern Art becomes a system that freezes in the ideologically and the aesthetically correct.

In painting and sculpture, diversity gives way to a profound uniformity dissimulated behind the appearances of innovation and even provocation. The explosion of originality and non-conformism that characterizes Modern Art becomes a system that freezes in ideologically and aesthetically correct. Contrary to what it claims is the Contemporary Art, official, one installed in the permanent collections of museums, is a static art, academic, exhausted by a system and an obsession: the New. It is the Art of the Table Rase: Nothing.

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Subconscious Mind Power Techniques – 3 Effective Subconscious Mind Power Techniques

The brain is a complex entity. This also gives the reason for use to make full use of this complexity to maximize the potential of our brain – From using short term to long-term memory and from using the conscious mind to the subconscious mind. Our human brain contains all these special components but surprisingly, according the Einstein the man himself, we only use 10% of our brain most of the time. So what ever happens to the other 90%? To make full use of the human brain as a whole, we will definitely need to figure out for ourselves some of the mind exercises and subconscious mind power techniques that would help you to maximize the usage of the brain.

Many people have yet to realize that the subconscious mind plays an important role in determining the success or fall of a person. While there might be other factors, the ability to develop a strong and healthy subconscious mind will help the person to achieve greater things in life. Check out these 3 simple steps on how to use your subconscious mind power effectively:

#1 Meditation

Meditation is said to be a form of communication with your subconscious mind. Try to do this is in a peaceful and quiet environment so that you are able to relax and focus entirely on communicating with the subconscious mind. During this meditation, you are encouraged to repeat positive affirmations. You can also do this before you go to sleep so as to allow the subconscious mind to work through the positive affirmations while you have your night’s rest.

#2 Visualize

Visualization is a good way of enhancing your positive affirmations. By visualizing, you are allowing yourself to get into reality. Try to imagine each affirmation as though it is really happening to you. This will definitely increase the reliability of positive affirmations. Alternatively, you can try using your vision, and write them in places where you can see it. Over time, you conscious mind might get immune to the existence of these messages. However, you subconscious mind will continue to read this messages and will eventually tune your brain to work towards the positive affirmation. So place messages at your desk, fridge and even bedroom and make sure that these messages are noticeable.

#3 Use positive words

This is harder than what it might sound to you. These positive words are slightly different from positive affirmations. Using positive words would require you to discipline yourself to continue using positive words regardless of the situation that you are in. This is definitely a good practice as these positive words will allow the subconscious mind to act on the positive affirmations faster and hence it will shed more positive light on you. Words like “might” will definitely make you feel more motivated and positive, as compared to “will”.

Do try these techniques today and develop a healthy and happy mind that will help to boost your way up the ladder of success. At the same time, do look out for other techniques that will help you to develop your subconscious mind and boost your mind power!

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The human Brain
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Brain Injuries That Occur In Sports

Over the past decade, the scientific information on traumatic brain injury has increased considerably. A number of models, theories and hypotheses of traumatic brain injury have been elaborated.

Despite dramatic advances in this field of medicine, traumatic brain injury, including the mild 2 Slobounov and Sebastianelli traumatic brain injury (MTBI), commonly known as a concussion, is still one of the most puzzling neurological disorders and least understood injuries facing the sport medicine world today.

Definitions of concussion are almost always qualified by the statement that loss of consciousness can occur in the absence of any gross damage or injury visible by light microscopy to the brain.

According to a recent NIH Consensus Statement, mild traumatic brain injury is an evolving dynamic process that involves multiple interrelated components exerting primary and secondary effects at the level of individual nerve cells (neuron), the level of connected networks of such neurons (neural networks), and the level of human thoughts or cognition.

The need for multidisciplinary research on mild brain injury arises from recent evidence identifying long-lasting residual disabilities that are often overlooked using current research methods. The notion of transient and rapid symptoms resolution is misleading since symptoms resolution is not indicative of injury resolution.

There are no two traumatic brain injuries alike in mechanism, symptomology, or symptoms resolution. Most grading scales are based on loss of consciousness (LOC), and post-traumatic amnesia, both of which occur infrequently in MTBI. There is still no agreement upon diagnosis and there is no known treatment for this injury besides the passage of time. LOC for instance, occurs in only 8% of concussion cases.

Overall, recent research has shown the many shortcomings of current MTBI assessments rating scales, neuropsychological assessments and brain imaging techniques.

Humans are able to compensate for mild neuronal loss because of redundancies in the brain structures that allow reallocation of resources such that undamaged pathways and neurons are used to perform cognitive and motor tasks.

Three to four weeks after conception, one of the two cell layers of the gelatin-like human embryo, now about one-tenth of an inch long, starts to thicken and build up along the middle. As this flat neural plate grows, parallel ridges, similar to the creases in a paper airplane, rise across its surface.

Within a few days, the ridges fold in toward each other and fuse to form the hollow neural tube. The top of the tube thickens into three bulges that form the hindbrain, midbrain and forebrain. The first signs of the eyes and then the hemispheres of the brain appear later.

How does all this happen? Although many of the mechanisms of human brain development remain secrets, neuroscientists are beginning to uncover some of these complex steps through studies of the roundworm, fruit fly, frog, zebrafish, mouse, rat, chicken, cat and monkey.

Knowing how the brain is put together is essential for understanding its ability to reorganize in response to external influences or to injury. These studies also shed light on brain functions, such as learning and memory.

Brain diseases, such as schizophrenia and mental retardation, are thought to result from a failure to construct proper connections during development. Neuroscientists are beginning to discover some general principles to understand the processes of development, many of which overlap in time.

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Typical human brain
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Typical human brain

The human brain has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but has a more developed cerebral cortex than any other. Large animals such as whales and elephants have larger brains in absolute terms, but when measured using the encephalization quotient, which compensates for body size, the human brain is almost twice as large as the brain of the bottlenose dolphin, and three times as large as the brain of a chimpanzee. Much of the expansion comes from the cerebral cortex, especially the frontal lobes, which are associated with executive functions such as self-control, planning, reasoning, and abstract thought. The portion of the cerebral cortex devoted to vision, the visual cortex, is also greatly enlarged in humans.

The human cerebral cortex is a thick layer of neural tissue that covers most of the brain. This layer is folded in a way that increases the amount of surface that can fit into the volume available. The pattern of folds is similar across individuals, although there are many small variations. The cortex is divided into four “lobes”, called the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, and occipital lobe. (Some classification systems also include a limbic lobe and treat the insular cortex as a lobe.) Within each lobe are numerous cortical areas, each associated with a particular function, including vision, motor control, and language. The left and right sides of the cortex are broadly similar in shape, and most cortical areas are replicated on both sides. Some areas, though, show strong lateralization, particularly areas that are involved in language. In most people, the left hemisphere is “dominant” for language, with the right hemisphere playing only a minor role. There are other functions, such as spatiotemporal reasoning, for which the right hemisphere is usually dominant.

Despite being protected by the thick bones of the skull, suspended in cerebrospinal fluid, and isolated from the bloodstream by the blood–brain barrier, the human brain is susceptible to damage and disease. The most common forms of physical damage are closed head injuries such as a blow to the head, a stroke, or poisoning by a variety of chemicals that can act as neurotoxins. Infection of the brain, though serious, is rare due to the biological barriers that protect it. The human brain is also susceptible to degenerative disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease. A number of psychiatric conditions, such as schizophrenia and depression, are thought to be associated with brain dysfunctions, although the nature of such brain anomalies is not well understood.

Scientifically, the techniques that are used to study the human brain differ in important ways from those that are used to study the brains of other mammals. On the one hand, invasive techniques such as inserting electrodes into the brain, or disabling parts of the brain in order to examine the effect on behavior, are used with non-human species, but for ethical reasons, are generally not performed with humans. On the other hand, humans are the only subjects who can respond to complex verbal instructions. Thus, it is often possible to use non-invasive techniques such as functional neuroimaging or EEG recording more productively with humans than with non-humans. Furthermore, some of the most important topics, such as language, can hardly be studied at all except in humans. In many cases, human and non-human studies form essential complements to each other. Individual brain cells (except where tissue samples are taken for biopsy for suspected brain tumors) can only be studied in non-humans; complex cognitive tasks can only be studied in humans. Combining the two sources of information to yield a complete functional understanding of the human brain is an ongoing challenge for neuroscience.
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Increase Brain Power With Brainwave Technology

The human mind is very crucial for effective body functioning. It controls all aspects of your body. Instructions to body cell operations originate from your mind and the failure of the mind to issue instructions to body cells results in undesirable outcomes. People who have brain dysfunctions or those whose brain power is low have been labeled names that are not amusing at all. It is very possible for an individual to change or improve the power of his or her mind towards personal development. If you can manage to increase brain power, you can be sure that you will smoothly take the road to success in life. This may involve engaging your mind in disciplines helpful in mind evolution.

Scientists have researched and found out that man underutilizes the brain, estimating that 33 percent of the human brain is utilized leaving out a whole 67 percent unutilized. They have further revealed that genius people use slightly more brain as compared to other normal people. Genius brain usage is slightly above 33 percent. This explains why geniuses are more innovative and creative compared to other people using only 33 percent of their brain.

Every person desires to increase brain power. Several ways exist to help you increase mind power, but experts advice that anyone seeking the utilization of a certain method to increase mind power should seek professional advice and guidance. This is so because some methods especially where drugs are involved can turn out to be harmful if not properly applied. One of the methods to increase brain power that require monitoring by professionals is antidepressant which involve chemicals that, if not well administered, may cause addiction. However safe the method might appear from the outside, thorough research is needed before one starts using the method of his or her choice.

Brainwave entrainment has been known for having no adverse after-effect and this has made the technique gain popularity among most people. Binaural beats have been widely used to increase brain power and the outcomes of this mind power technique have been quite desirable. There are numerous mind power techniques, but this technique has proved so perfect in its functionality as well as outcome. The method employs the use of certain beat frequencies in soothing and slipping the human mind into various states of mind. The mind states include alpha, beta and theta all of which respond to stimulus differently. For example, the alpha state of mind helps a person in maintaining consciousness as well as focus mostly associated with creativity and attention or concentration. Theta states are mostly associated with matters to do with the soul and spirit.

Brainwave technology has been specially designed for enhancing a relaxed as well as stress-free environment for people. To get the best results, consistency in use of brainwave entrainment method of increasing brain power is emphasized. People who employ the technique sparingly are unlikely to get the benefits they desire. If you really wish to increase brain power with reliability and safety, brainwave entrainment will serve you best.

Click Here to get your Free “Success Accelerator” Brainwave Cd today! Unleash your Mind Power potential to attain the lifestyle that you want. Visit http://www.MindMaximus.com and claim your Free Cd today!

Image from page 149 of “True manhood : a manual for young men” (1888)
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Identifier: truemanhoodmanua00shep
Title: True manhood : a manual for young men
Year: 1888 (1880s)
Authors: Shepherd, E. R DeCosta, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1831-1904. White cross: its origin and progress
Subjects: Hakujujikai Sex Education Masturbation Sex instruction Sexual health Masturbation
Publisher: Chicago : Sanitary Publishing Co.
Contributing Library: Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine
Digitizing Sponsor: Open Knowledge Commons and Harvard Medical School

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Text Appearing Before Image:
nerves, one on each side, to thearms, limbs, stomach, liver, etc., supplying the nervetubing to every gland, muscle and bone plexus, inter-mingling with capillaries, becoming there exceedinglysmall and delicate. Each white thread is a tubule (little tube) filled withtransparent fluid, and through it nerve force is com-municated. The bundles of them are inclosed in amembrane and the whole is called a nerve. Distributed at intervals through the body areminute clusters of cells and plexus called ganglia.They too are little batteries and are united with oneanother and with the spine and brain by nerves. The brain with its system of nerves passing downthe spine and its branches therefrom, together with itschain of ganglia, is called the Cerebrospinal System of Nerves. Cerebro means brain, and spinal, referring to thebackbone. The cells of the brain develop electric10 tK4 TRUE MANHOOD. force on the same principle as man makes artificialelectricity. Creative force draws into each cell atoms

Text Appearing After Image:
Fig. XLII. Brain and Nervous System. TRUE MANHOOD. 155 having an opposite character—positive and nega-tive—the acids and alkalies of the blood. Phosphorusand oxygen couple together, or perhaps fats and sul-phur. Uniting they form a new article, salts, andliberate electric force in the process. The salts aredisposed of by absorption, and the electricity is gath-ered in the nerves, and as illustrated in Figs. XLI.and XLIL, distributed throughout the system. Human electricity is called nerve force. It is muchfiner, more highly organized than that made by man.It is subject to the same laws of attraction and repul-sion, and gives off light, sound, heat, in the same way,e. g. sparks of light are often emitted with a crack-ling sound, when woolen garments, worn for somehours next to the skin, are removed in a dark, coldroom; and also by the hair when combed in clear,crisp weather. We find the same succession of young, old and de-stroyed cells in the brain as in all other organs. AGerman

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