Cat Reproduction : Breeding Soundness Evaluation (2019)

Good morning everyone ! I’m Dr E ! Have you ever heard of something called “breeding soundness evaluation’? I think that is something very important, especially when you focus on the reproductive career of your male and female cats. Today, I give you my thoughts on what this should include. Watch this video, and you’ll see what I mean here ! And look at this queen here, she looks quite relaxed isn’t she ? So am showing you that because, the reproductive career, again as I said, you need to focus on the word “career”. And that is something important because during a career, many things can happen. And it is important to do, in my opinion, regular check-ups to make sure that everything is ok on the genital tract, to make sure that the reproductive health of your animals is optimal. So this can start by doing a physical examination when you visit your veterinarian once or twice a year. This is important because your veterinarian will be able to evaluate the general health of your cat. Rule of thumb : only breed cats which are
healthy. They will also be able to have a look at the external genital tract, which is essential in breeding cats. External genital tract means the penis, the
testes, the vulva and the mammary glands. Those are the things that need to be focused on during those physical exams. To make sure there is no abnormality etc. When it comes to the penis and the vulva it is important in long hair breeds to make sure that there are no hairplugs around those organs because if there are hairplugs this can be a problem for breeding, a problem for parturition and one thing important to focus on males as well is oral health. So take a look in the oral cavity of your
male. Make sure they don’t have tartar, they don’t have gingivitis because you know when they breed, the male will bite the neck of the female. And this will immobilize the female so that the male can actually breed. If he has gingivitis, he might not be able
to breed properly. If he cannot breed, if the female is not immobilized, he will not be able to breed. And that could be a cause of infertility. That’s why the routine physical exam is important because this will give you this information. Some people always ask me :”how do we need
to do a bloodwork ?”. I think bloodwork are great tools, especially when you want to assess
if all the internal organs are ok like the kidneys and the liver etc. But I must admit that when it comes to reproductive health, and regular check-ups regarding reproductive health, it might not be always something so important. I mean it is important to make sure that the animals are healthy, are in good health, but the bloodwork will not give you any indication on what is happening in the genital tract. You want to know what is happening in the genital tract and the test that will tell you about this, is this one : ultrasounds. Ultrasounds are a fantastic tool, and today in veterinary medicine we use them more and more. So this imaging technique will give you access to the uterus, your veterinarian will be able to visualize the uterus of the queen to see if there are uterine cysts, if there is what we call cystic endometrial hyperplasia, if there is a mucometra which is liquid inside the uterus. And those are common causes of infertility
in queens. Many of those diseases are preventable, many of those diseases can be medically treated. So if they are detected earlier on, then they will have very little impact on the fertility. So do not hesitate to team up with your veterinarian, and discuss this with them. Discuss with them how you can follow up your animals and the reproductive health of your animals. The good news is that today we have tools in veterinary
medicine that can help us do so. And that is a great plus for your breeding

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