How a knee arthroscopy is performed | Spire Healthcare

♪ [music] ♪ This video explains what happens
during knee arthroscopy surgery. Arthroscopy is a type of keyhole surgery
to investigate and sometimes treat knee problems such as sport injuries
or the removal of bone fragments.musicThe knee joint is made up of three bones,
the femur, also called the thigh bone. The tibia or shin bone, and
the patella or kneecap. ♪ [music] ♪ We will look at how keyhole surgery
is used to remove bone fragment. The surgery is carried out under a general
anaesthetic or an epidural injection where you’re awake, but can’t feel anything
below the waist. The orthopaedic surgeon will make
small cuts in the skin around the knee. ♪ [music] ♪ Sterile fluid is inserted into the knee
to expand the joint enabling a better view of the area. Next, the arthroscope,
a metal instrument with a tiny camera will be inserted into the
joint for closer examination. To remove any loose bone fragments or scar
tissue, a small surgical instrument is inserted through other small incisions. ♪ [music] ♪ Once the bone fragment is removed, the
surgeon will remove the camera and drain away any fluid that’s built up in the
knee, due to injury or arthritis, along with any fluid injected during the
procedure. They’ll then then close the incisions with stitches or staples and the
area will be bandaged before moving the patient to recovery. Depending on the complexity of the surgery
a knee arthroscopy can take between 30 minutes and 2 hours. The consultant
will explain what’s been found and whether any other treatment is
recommended. Although there’s generally less pain after an arthroscopy
than with traditional surgery, you’re likely to feel discomfort
once the anaesthetic wears off. Most people go home on the same day or
the following day and the consultant will advise you on the type of activities to
avoid. Physiotherapy is also recommended to help strengthen the muscles
around your knee, to aid recovery. ♪ [music] ♪ For more information contact your local
Spire Hospital or visit the Spire Healthcare website ♪ [music] ♪

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